© 2019 by Ali Thabet

Research

We present a self-supervised task on point clouds, in order to learn meaningful point-wise features that encode local structure around each point. Our self-supervised network, named MortonNet, operates directly on unstructured/unordered point clouds. Using a multi-layer RNN, MortonNet predicts the next point in a point sequence created by a popular and fast Space Filling Curve, the Mortonorder curve. The final RNN state (coined Morton feature) is versatile and can be used in generic 3D tasks on point clouds. In fact, we show how Morton features can be used to significantly improve performance (+3% for 2 popular semantic segmentation algorithms) in the task of semantic segmentation of point clouds on the challenging and large-scale S3DIS dataset. We also show how MortonNet trained on S3DIS transfers well to another large-scale dataset, vKITTI, leading to an improvement over state-ofthe-art of 3.8%. Finally, we use Morton features to train a much simpler and more stable model for part segmentation in ShapeNet. Our results show how our self-supervised task results in features that are useful for 3D segmentation tasks, and generalize well to other datasets.

MortonNet: Self-Supervised Learning of Local Features in 3D Point Clouds

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) achieve impressive results in a wide variety of fields. Their success benefited from a massive boost with the ability to train very deep CNN models. Despite their positive results, CNNs fail to properly address problems with non-Euclidean data. To overcome this challenge, Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs) build graphs to represent non-Euclidean data, and borrow concepts from CNNs and apply them to train these models. GCNs show promising results, but they are limited to very shallow models due to the vanishing gradient problem. As a result most state-of-the-art GCN algorithms are no deeper than 3 or 4 layers. In this work, we present new ways to successfully train very deep GCNs. We borrow concepts from CNNs, mainly residual/dense connections and dilated convolutions, and adapt them to GCN architectures. Through extensive experiments, we show the positive effect of these deep GCN frameworks. Finally, we use these new concepts to build a very deep 56-layer GCN, and show how it significantly boosts performance (+3.7% mIoU over state-of-the-art) in the task of point cloud semantic segmentation.

Can GCNs Go as Deep as CNNs?